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Malnutrition

Malnutrition - undernutrition and overnutrition - can lead to and worsen acute and chronic medical conditions, especially among older adults. Malnutrition is a common yet overlooked condition found across all care settings including hospitals, rehabilitation, long-term care and the community.1 From 20% to 50% of patients may be at risk for malnutrition or are malnourished upon hospital admission.1-4 Yet as few as 5% to 8% of inpatients in the United States are diagnosed with malnutrition during their hospital stay.5-6

The consequences of malnutrition are serious. Malnutrition increases the risks for complications, pressure injuries, risk of falls and frailty; leads to longer hospital length of stay and hospital readmissions; and is associated with increased risk of mortality and morbidity. Malnutrition decreases quality of life, functional status, activities of daily living, wound healing, muscle mass and strength.7-9

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Malnutrition

Malnutrition - undernutrition and overnutrition - can lead to and worsen acute and chronic medical conditions, especially among older adults. Malnutrition is a common yet overlooked condition found across all care settings including hospitals, rehabilitation, long-term care and the community.1 From 20% to 50% of patients may be at risk for malnutrition or are malnourished upon hospital admission.1-4 Yet as few as 5% to 8% of inpatients in the United States are diagnosed with malnutrition during their hospital stay.5-6

The consequences of malnutrition are serious. Malnutrition increases the risks for complications, pressure injuries, risk of falls and frailty; leads to longer hospital length of stay and hospital readmissions; and is associated with increased risk of mortality and morbidity. Malnutrition decreases quality of life, functional status, activities of daily living, wound healing, muscle mass and strength.7-9

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1. Kaiser MJ et al. J Am Ger Soc. 2010; 58:1734-1738. 2. Allard JP et al. JPEN. 2016;40:487-497. 3. Norman K et al. Clin Nutr. 2008;27:48-56. 4. Ruiz AJ et al. Clin Nutr 2019;38:1310-1316 5. Tobert CM et al. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2018;118:125-131. 6. Barrett ML et al. 2016 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project. Published August 30, 2018. 7. Fingar KR et al. Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project. 2016; Statistical Brief #218. 8. Goates S et al. PLoS One. 2016;11:e0161833. 9. Snider JT et al. JPEN. 2014;38(2 Suppl):77S-85S.